Knee Preservation

What is knee joint preservation?

It includes different methods of treatment for knees with mild cartilage damage, meniscal or ligament tears. The key is early diagnosis of the problem and prompt treatment so that it does not worsen and require major surgery in the future!
Knee Preservation includes the following treatment options
 Lifestyle changes
 Exercises
 Arthroscopy
 ACI

   Joint Preservation

  Knee Preservation

How can changing my lifestyle help preserve my knee joint?

Lifestyle plays an important role in joint health. This is especially true in someone who has been diagnosed with early arthritis, ligament or meniscal injury.


  • Keeping your knee muscles strong will help in improving the weight distribution on your knee joint.
  • Maintaining your ideal body weight also reduces the load on your knee and reduces the risk of further deterioration and damage.
  • A well-balanced diet, adequate in calcium and vitamin D will help keep your bones and cartilage healthy.
  • Regular exercises (like cycling, walking) help keep your bones and cartilage healthy.
  • Avoidance of certain activities based on your specific problem may be advisable to prevent further damage.
  • Certain protein supplements (glucosamine and chondroitin) may help in protecting the cartilage.
What is the role of exercise in joint preservation?

Early knee arthritis, ligament or meniscal injury can lead to functional limitations due to muscular weakness or instability that prevents one from performing daily activities and even participating in physical activities. Specific exercises can help in reducing pain, improving function by strengthening muscles and improving gait.

Static quadriceps exercise

Static quadriceps exercise

Terminal extension exercise

Terminal extension exercise

Straight leg raise for knee treatment

Straight leg raise

Leg Extension excercise for joint treatment

Recumbent cycling

Recumbent cycling for knee

Leg extension

What is arthroscopy?

Arthroscopic surgery or "key-hole" surgery allows the surgeon to look inside the joint and perform procedures using special tiny instruments. This usually requires a stay of 24 hours or less in hospital. Meniscal and ligament tears are treated using arthroscopy as also certain cartilage regeneration procedures. Arthroscopy and washout of the joint is not helpful in knees with complete loss of cartilage.

Arthroscopy

Joint Preservation

View of the knee at Arthroscopy

(Biological Treatment) - What is ACI (Autotogous Chondrocyte Implantation)?
Autotogous Chondrocyte Implantation

This is a minimally invasive procedure which involves transplanting your own cartilage cells to an area of limited cartilage damage. This is done as an open surgical procedure only when a small area of cartilage is involved. It requires overnight stay in the hospital. The transplanted cartilage cells may help to re-grow and form new normal cartilage at the site of damage, and is useful for loss of small areas of cartilage.

Common Questions

How is your knee joint special?

Your knee joint is the largest joint in your body and also a very complex one. Because it is very important for your daily activities and you use it a lot, it can get injured and damaged.

Your knee joint is made up of:

  • 3 bones - Thigh bone (femur), shinbone (tibia) and knee cap (patella).
  • Cartilage - Thin covering which keeps the bones apart and provides a smooth, slippery surface for painless, free movement of your knee.
  • 4 Ligaments - Thick rubber-bands like structures that holds the two bones together and provide stability.
  • 2 Menisci - C - shaped cushions between the femur and tibia which act as shock absorbers.

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Normal Knee

joint replacement specialist

Knee Joint Speciality

How can your knee get damaged?

Your knee can get damaged due to accidental fall, twisting, injury while walking, running, playing sports.
Arthritis - damage and wear of the cartilage can occur due to Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Previous Injury, Fracture or Dislocation.

Which structures inside your knee can get damaged?

Cartilage damage - Early arthritis, osteonecrosis and injuries may lead to cartilage damage of a limited area leading to pain, stiffness, swelling and difficulty in performing daily activities such as walking, standing, sitting for long, climbing stairs and sitting cross legged.

Meniscal tear - Results from injury, when one excessively bends the knee as in squatting, or due to twisting. Apart from pain, swelling, stiffness and difficulty in walking, there may be 'locking'.

Ligament tears - Sports injuries or accidents may cause ligaments to tear causing instability and 'giving way'. The cruciate and collateral ligaments are commonly damaged.

What is joint preservation?

Joint preservation includes different methods of treatment for knees with mild cartilage damage, meniscal or ligament tears. The key is early diagnosis of the problem and prompt treatment so that it does not worsen and require major surgery in the future!
Joint Preservation includes the following treatment options

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Exercises
  • Arthroscopy
  • ACI

How can changing my lifestyle help preserve my knee joint?

Lifestyle plays an important role in joint health. This is especially true in someone who has been diagnosed with early arthritis, ligament or meniscal injury. Keeping your knee muscles strong will help in improving the weight distribution on your knee joint. Maintaining your body weight also reduces the load on your knee and reduces the risk of further deterioration and damage. A well-balanced diet, adequate in calcium and vitamin D, and regular weight-bearing exercises (like walking) will help keep your bone and cartilage healthy. Avoidance of certain activities based on your specific problem may be advisable to prevent further damage.

What is the role of exercise in joint preservation?

Early knee arthritis, ligament or meniscal injury can lead to functional limitations due to muscular weakness that prevents one from participating in physical activity. Certain exercises can help in reducing pain, improving function by strengthening muscles and improving gait.

What is arthroscopy?

Arthroscopic surgery or "key-hole" surgery allows the surgeon to look inside the joint and perform procedures using special tiny instruments. This usually requires a stay of 24 hours in hospital. Meniscal and ligament tears are treated using arthroscopy as also certain cartilage regeneration procedures.

best orthopedic surgeon in mumbai
Joint Preservation

What is ACI (Autotogous Chondrocyte Implantation)?

This is a minimally invasive procedure which involves transplanting your own cartilage cells to an area of Limited cartilage damage. This is done as an open surgical procedure and requires overnight stay in the hospital. The transplanted cartilage cells may help to re-grow and form new normal cartilage at the site of damage, and is useful for loss of small areas of cartilage.

Location

Kemps Corner

mullaji knee clinic in kemps corner
     101, Cornelian, Kemps Corner, Cumballa Hill, Mumbai-400036.
    Call us: +91 22 2385 6161
    Call us: +91 9820811536
     Monday - Friday, 10am to 8 pm.
    (By prior appointment only).

Khar

mullaji knee clinic in khar
 Marbella, 2nd Floor, 11th Road, Khar (W), Mumbai-400052.
Call us: +91 22 23856161
Call us: +91 9820811536
 Only Saturday, 1pm to 7 pm.
(By prior appointment only).

Powai

mullaji knee clinic in powai
 301 A, Galleria, 3rd Floor A Wing, Opp KFC, Hiranandani Gardens, Mumbai-400076.
Call us: +91 22 4013 0019
 Monday to Saturday, 2pm to 8 pm.
(By prior appointment only).

Ghatkopar

mullaji knee clinic in ghatkopar
 903, G Square, Jawahar Road, Above Kalyan Jewellers, Ghatkopar (E), Mumbai-400077.
Call us: +91 22 2508 1200
  Monday to Friday, 2pm to 8 pm.
(By prior appointment only).

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